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[针织] 针织工程手册,宗平生、许期颐,PDF

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发表于 2015-11-9 20:33:43 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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针织工程手册,宗平生、许期颐,PDF。22M
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内容提要

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本分册是《针织工程手册》中的经编分册。
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本分册介绍了经编生产中所需要的各种设备、工艺数据、计算公式,其中包括经编组织,经编产品品种,经编针织物的结构参数及产品设计;国产及引进的各类整经机、经编机(高速、多梳、贾卡、双针床经编机及钩编机、缝编机和管编机)和附属设备的主要特征、主要机件的规格及织物疵点的产生原因和消除方法等内容。同时对经编生产消耗定额及主要技术经济指标也作了介绍。
本书可供针织工业的工程技术人员,大、中专院校师生,企业管理干部和工人查阅参考。
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经编工程是纺织和针织工程中的重要领域,经编织物在服用、装饰织物方面有广泛应用,近年来,在产业用布,特别是高科技、高强轻质复合材料方面开始有相当应用,为世所瞩目。本书内容已包括了能收集到的材料,尽可能以数据、表格形式出现,以方便广大经编工程技术人员和设计人员查阅,供各方面参考,希望能成为经编行业的有效工具书。
本分册:主编:宗平生许期颐
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1 [: `& T6 @  D: g: x: G) F编写分工如下:第一章由宗平生编写,第二章由金玉燕编写,第三章由华任、盛慧萍编写,第四章由毕亚新、倪志平编写,第五章由倪志平、周孝文、蒋高明、宗平生、周保仁编写,第六章由徐金林、吴国荣编写,第七章由孙镇发、王道兴、许期颐、许万举编写,第八章由吴国荣、陈严、邱红娟、尹季盛编写,第九章由杨玉丰、陈东林、杜刚伟、蔡建英编写,第十章由胡美漩、蒋高明编写,第十一章由王道兴、周孝文编写,第十二章由许期颐编写。
  |1 O" P* ~3 L: P由于编者的水平有限,缺点、错误在所难免,恳请读者批评指正。9 X/ t+ l, L( q; a& e$ Y

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《针织工程手册·经编分册》编写组
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-9 20:51:24 | 显示全部楼层

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目录
第一章 总述........................................................... (1)
第一节经编机的分类及代号·................................... (1)
一、经编机的分类⋯································⋯⋯ (1)
二、经编机的代号··········································⋯⋯ (1)
()国产经编机的代号··········.··············⋯⋯ (3)
()卡尔·迈邓(KarlMayer)公司经编机的代号··························( 3)
()利巴(LIBA)公司经编机的代号“·······⋯⋯ (5)
()特克斯梯玛(Textima)公司经编机的代号⋯ (6)
第二节经编机的机号和使用原料·............................. (7)
一、经编机的机号··········································⋯⋯ (7)
二、经编机可加工纱线的最大线密度···············⋯⋯ (8)
三、经编原料·······································。········⋯⋯ (8)
第三节经编针织物组织·......................................... (9)
一、经编针织物组织的表示方法························⋯⋯ (9)
()图示法·············································⋯⋯ (9)
()数码法······················月···················⋯⋯ (1)0
二、经编针织物的基本组织···························⋯⋯ (10)
()单针床墓本组织······························⋯⋯ (10)
()双针床基本组织····························⋯ (11)
三、经编针织物的变化组织···························⋯⋯ (13)
()经绒组织·····································⋯⋯ (13)
()经料组织····························一。·。····⋯⋯ (13)
()变化经编组织····”···························⋯⋯ (13)
()变化重经组织·································⋯⋯ (13)
四、经编针织物的花色组织···························⋯⋯ (14)
()~四梳经编组织⋯。·······················⋯⋯ (14)
()空穿经编组织·································⋯⋯ (15)
()缺垫经编组织·································⋯⋯ (18)
()衬纬经编组织······························“·⋯⋯ (20)
()压纱经编组织·································⋯⋯ (24)
()缺压经编组织·····。···························⋯⋯ (25)
()多梳经编组织································⋯⋯ (28)
()贾卡提花经编组织···················.······⋯⋯ (28)
()双针床花色经编组织························⋯⋯ (30)
()毛圈经编组织·····························。···⋯⋯ (34)
(十一)不均匀经编组织···························⋯⋯ (36)
第二章经编产品·····································.·····⋯⋯ (37)
第一节服 用经编产品·······························。·“··一(37)
一、外衣类··············。············。····················⋯⋯ (37)
()网眼花纹布····································⋯⋯ (37)
()带枝方格色织布·························,······。⋯ (37)
()涤纶褶裥布····················~·············⋯⋯ (38)
()锦、涤交织小方格起绒布···············⋯⋯ (39)
()经编毛圈布····································⋯⋯ (40)
二、衬衫类·····················~························⋯⋯ (41)
()锦、涤交织布·······················.········⋯⋯ (41)
()涤纶小网眼布···⋯⋯,·⋯⋯”·············⋯⋯ (41)
()薄型网眼衬衫布··············,···············⋯⋯ (42)
()横条纹半网眼衬衫布···,·················.⋯⋯ (43)
三、内衣类·····。·········································⋯⋯ (43)
()妇女内衣料之一······················⋯⋯ (43)
()妇女内衣料之二·····························⋯⋯ (44)
()便服、睡衣料·······················⋯⋯ (44)
四、运动衣类·...................... .... ......... ... . (45)
()氨纶有光平布·································⋯⋯ (45)
()闪光拉毛布····································⋯⋯ (45)
()双面布·····································⋯⋯ (46)
五、其它························⋯ ”·········⋯⋯ (46)
()六角网眼长筒女袜·········⋯⋯,·········⋯⋯ (46)
()彩条童袜····························.·······⋯⋯ (48)
()提花连裤袜、提花长筒袜、提花手套···⋯⋯ (49)
()鞋面料··········································⋯⋯ (49)
()遮阳帽布·······································⋯⋯ (50)
()头巾布····························⋯·⋯⋯ (51)
第二节装饰用经编产品···················⋯⋯·····(51)
一、帘帷类·······························⋯‘·········⋯⋯ (51)
()刷花绒窗帘布·······························⋯⋯ (51)
()大提花窗帘布·································⋯⋯ (52)
二、床上用品类··········································⋯⋯ (53)
()素色纹帐·································⋯⋯ (53)
()提花纹帐·⋯⋯,·······················,······⋯⋯ (53)
()提花床革····································⋯⋯ (54)
()拉舍尔毛毯···········.·······⋯⋯ (54)
三、家具面料类···························-···········⋯⋯ (5)5
()双针床经编绒类织物之一··············⋯⋯ (55)
()双针床经编绒类织抽之二··················⋯⋯ (57)
()拉绒织物···············“·········⋯⋯”’,··⋯⋯ (57)
四、地毯类⋯”······。·························,·········⋯⋯ (58)
()素色绒面地毯·································⋯⋯ (58)
()花色绒面地毯············,···。···············⋯⋯ (59)
()素色珠面地毯·································⋯⋯ (60)
五、花边类························。···················⋯⋯ (61)
()弹性月牙边带·......................................(61)
()服饰花边······················⋯⋯‘··········⋯⋯ (61)
第三节产业用经编产品·...................................... (64)
一、产业用网类·............................................... (64)
()六梳养殖网(渔网)························⋯⋯ (64)
()八梳圆网(渔网)····················⋯⋯”·· (65)
()卫生用网·····。·································⋯⋯ (66)
()水果包装袋···········。···············,········⋯⋯ (67)
二、医疗用品类。·····························。···,·······⋯⋯ (68)
()头发移植用织物····················.········⋯⋯ (68)
()外科用修补材料································一(68)
三、骨架材料类···········。··········,······,···········,⋯⋯ (69)
()涂层材料底布·····························,···⋯⋯ (69)
()航空、船泊等构件材料·····················⋯⋯ (69)
四、其它·······································。⋯ (70)
()工业用传送带·································⋯⋯ (70)
()工业用过滤布·································⋯⋯ (71)
()涂层遮篷布························。···········⋯⋯ (72)
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-9 20:53:52 | 显示全部楼层

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第三章 经编工艺设计·...............................:............ (73)
第一节经编针织物的结构参数·............................. (73)
一、送经比·····,········································⋯⋯ (73)
二、线圈长度·······································⋯⋯ (75)
第二节原料、纱线线密度和机号的选用····.............. (77)
第三节经编织物规格·......................................... (79)
一、平方米克重.·································⋯⋯ (79)
二、密度··········································(79)
三、织物幅宽·············································⋯⋯ (81)
四、整经根数······················。······················⋯⋯ (81)
五、用纱比·········································⋯⋯ (82)
六、坯布匹重和匹长····································⋯⋯ (84)
七、整经长度············································⋯⋯ (85)
第四节上机和工艺设计表·................................... (85)
一、上机············································(85)
()整经机的工艺上机···························⋯⋯ (85)
()经编机的工艺上机···························⋯⋯ (90)
二、工艺设计表··········································⋯⋯ (90)
第五节工艺设计举例·......................................... (93)
例一·······································⋯⋯‘···········⋯⋯ (93)
()工艺设计及计算······························⋯⋯ (93)
()上机·············································⋯⋯ (94)
例二··············································(95)
()工艺设计及计茸······························⋯⋯ (95)
()上机···················.························⋯⋯ (97)
例三······································· (98)
()工艺设计及计算······························⋯⋯ (98)
()上机···················.·····················⋯⋯、二(99)
第四章整经机········································· (101)
第一节整经要求和纱线前处理························⋯⋯ (101)
一、经纱整经张力····································· (101)
二、整经纱线油剂······································ (104)
三、经编纱线前处理方法·····························⋯⋯ (105)
四、整经要求·········································· (105)
第二节分段整经机............................................ (106)
一、GE201型整经机·································⋯⋯ (106)
二、DSC型整经机····································⋯⋯ (113)
三、23型整经机·······································⋯⋯ (117)
四、4142型整经机····································⋯⋯ (119)
五、HDSM型花经轴整经机························⋯⋯ (123)
六、弹性纱线整经机····································⋯⋯ (125)
七、牵伸整经机··········。·····························⋯⋯ (126)
八、整经疵点产生原因和消除方法··················⋯⋯ (130)
第三节经轴··············································⋯⋯ (132)
一、经轴规格·············································”·⋯ (132)
二、经轴上纱线的长度和重量························⋯⋯ (133)
第五章高速经编机··········································⋯⋯ (136)
第一节普通槽针型·............................................ (136)
一、KS系列经编机····································⋯⋯ (136)
二、COPCENTRA系列经编机·‘···················⋯⋯ (161)
三、KOKETT U系列经编机·······················⋯⋯ (174)
四、GE271型经编机·································⋯⋯ (194)
五、Z304型经编机····································⋯⋯ (195)
第二节普通钩针型- Z303C型、Z303B-3型经编机·····················(2 00 )
第三节毛圈型经编机·......................................... (210)
一、KS4FBZ型毛圈经编机···························⋯⋯ (210)
二、COPCENTRA-POL型毛圈经编机·········⋯⋯ (213)
三、GE273M型毛圈经编机·······················⋯⋯ (214)
四、COP 3 HS POL型利纬毛圈经编机············⋯⋯ (215)
第四节电脑毛圈经编机·...................................... (216)
第五节电脑提花经编机·..................................... (235)
第六节其它专用高速经编机·................................ (242)
一、弹性织物高速经编机······························⋯⋯ (242)
二、全幅衬纬高速经编机·····························,·,,⋯ (242)
三、SWAN WARP型经编机··············,·········⋯⋯ (244)
四、带花压板的钩针型高速经编机··················⋯⋯ (245)
五、双针床钩针型高速经编机(SIMPLEX) ⋯⋯ (246)
第七节高速经编机织物疵点产生原因和消除方法⋯""" (248)
一、漏针··············.···································⋯⋯ (248)
二、吊针(集圈)·······································⋯⋯ (248)
三、断纱····················································。⋯ (249)
四、横条·················································⋯⋯ (250)
五、纵向条纹·············································⋯⋯ (250)
六、坏针........................................................ (250)
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-9 20:55:26 | 显示全部楼层
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第六章 多梳型拉舍尔经编机·...................................(252)
第一节多梳型拉舍尔经编机的工作原理和地组织⋯""" (252)
第二节多梳型拉舍尔经编机的花型设汁及上机·........ (254)
第三节普通多梳型拉舍尔经编机·.......................... (258)
一、渔网型多梳拉舍尔经编机。·······················⋯⋯ (258)
()Z508F型无结渔网机························⋯⋯ (258)
()SGE238型经编无结织1J机···············⋯⋯ (260)
()RF8, RSF8型拉舍尔经编机············⋯⋯ (261)
()G508F, G509F型拉舍尔经编机·········⋯⋯ (262)
二、通用型拉舍尔经编机··················,···········⋯⋯ (263)
()GE231-75 X 9型拉舍尔经编机’,··. ⋯,二(263)
()G506, G513-G517型拉舍尔经编机···⋯⋯ (266)
三、高速型拉舍尔经编机·”··,····················⋯⋯,⋯ (269)
()RS来列拉舍尔经编机·..........................(269)
()RACOP 0型系列拉舍尔经编机·········⋯⋯ (272)
()RACOP TP系列拉舍尔经编机·········⋯⋯ (275)
第四节花边和窗帘用多梳型拉舍尔经编机·.............. (277)
一、MRS30, MRS42型拉舍尔经编机············⋯⋯ (277)
二、MRSS32型拉舍尔经编机························⋯⋯ (281)
第五节压纱板多梳型MRGSF 31/16型拉舍尔经编机······················ (2 89 )
第六节全幅衬纬型拉舍尔经编机·.......................... (295)
一、RS4MSU, RS4-10MSW-Nu型经编机···⋯⋯ (295)
二、多轴向衬纬型经编机······························⋯⋯ (297)
三、经纬纱并纤维网衬入型经编机··················⋯⋯ (300)
第七节多梳型经编机的润滑条件及疵点消除·........... (303)
一、润滑条件·············································⋯⋯ (303)
二、织物疵点产生原因和消除方法··············⋯⋯: (303)
第七章 贾卡型拉舍尔经编机······························⋯⋯ (305)
第一节贾卡型拉舍尔经编机的工作原理和地组织⋯""" (305)
一、贾卡型拉舍尔经编机的工作原理.············⋯⋯ (305)
二、贾卡型拉舍尔经编机的地组织··················⋯⋯ (310)
第二节贾卡装置............................................... (314)
一、贾卡装置的技术特征······························⋯⋯ (314)
二、贾卡装置的调整····································⋯⋯ (315)
第三节贾卡型拉舍尔经编机的花型设计与上机........ (321)
一、花型设计·························⋯⋯·········⋯⋯ (321)
二、花型与上机·····································⋯⋯ (335)
第四节贾卡型拉舍尔经编机纹板的制备·................. (341)
一、纹板的种类··········································⋯⋯ (341)
二、纹板的轧制············.····························⋯⋯ (344)
三、纹板轧孔设备·······································⋯⋯ (350)
第五节普通型贾卡拉舍尔经编机·.......................... (354)
一、GE246-4/1, 4/2型贾卡拉舍尔经编机···⋯⋯ (354)
二、ETJ4/1, ESTJ4/1-7/14型贾卡拉舍尔经编机····························(358 )
三、RJ4/1型贾卡拉舍尔经编机·····················⋯⋯ (361)
第六节毛圈型贾卡拉舍尔经编机·.......................... (363)
第七节压纱板型贾卡提花经编机·.......................... (374)
一、ZJG-5F型贾卡提花经编机··················⋯⋯ (374)
二、RJG5F-NE型贾卡提花经编机···········。···⋯⋯ (375)
三、GE241'Y-5/1型贾卡提花经编机············⋯⋯ (378)
四、RJG5/2F-NE型贾卡提花经编机············⋯⋯ (380)
第八节MRSSJ 78/1 SU型多梳型经编机·········⋯⋯ (382)
第九节贾 卡型拉舍尔经编机织物疵点的产生原因和消除方法··············(384 )
第八章 双针床型拉舍尔经编机·······················(392)
第一节双针床型拉舍尔经编机的工作原理·.............. (392)
第二节普通型双针床拉舍尔经编机...................... (394)
一、GE282型双针床经编机·····⋯⋯···········⋯⋯ (394)
二、DR8E型双针床经编机···························⋯⋯ (395)
第三节短绒型双针床拉舍尔经编机··················⋯⋯ (401)
一、RD6DPLMRD7DPLM EBC型双针床经编机················(4 01 )
二、DG506DPLM型双针床经编机··················⋯⋯ (410)
三、GE286型双针床经编机························⋯⋯ (414)
四、润滑条件········································· (417)
第四节长绒型双针床拉舍尔经编机·....................... (417)
一、HDR6DPLM/60型双针床经编机············⋯⋯ (417)
二、GE283型双针床经编机························⋯⋯ (451)
第五节毛圈型双针床拉舍尔经编机·....................... (453)
一、HDR5PLS型双针床经编机·······················⋯ (453)
二、HDRJ5/2PLM 型双针床经编机···············⋯⋯ (454)
第六节包装袋型双针床拉舍尔经编机·.................... (456)
第七节圆筒织物型双针床拉舍尔经编机·................. (458)
一、三角裤机········································ (458)
二、HDRJ6/2-NE-EEW-ST型双针床经编机⋯ (459)
第八节 双针床型拉舍尔经编机织物疵点产生原因和消除方法············· ( 469)
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第九章 钩编机和管编机·.........................................(472)
第一节偏钩针型钩编机·.........··。. ... ...................... (472)
一、GE711-360 X 3型电脑提花钩编机·········⋯⋯ (472)
二、COMEZ806/800型钩编机·····················⋯⋯ (475)
三、COMEZ MPR/3100型钩编机··················⋯⋯ (476)
第二节舌 针型钩编机·.........................................(477)
一、M138/1200型舌针钩编机···············”····⋯⋯ (477)
二、Decotex 138/244型舌针钩编机···············⋯⋯ (483)
三、Decotex JME型舌针钩编机·····················⋯⋯ (487)
四、GE701-800 X 6型钩编机························⋯⋯ (493)
五、COMEZ MJB/3C型提花钩编机···············⋯⋯ (496)
第三节管编机·.................................................. (497)
第四节钩编机织物疵点产生原因与消除方法·........... (501)
第十章 缝编机·······················(503)
第一节缝编机分类及缝编组织............................. (503)
一、缝编机分类····································。·····⋯⋯ (503)
二、缝编组织·············································⋯⋯ (503)
第二节纤网型缝编机·......................................... (508)
一、马利瓦特(Maliwatt)型缝编机···············⋯⋯ (508)
二、马利伏里斯(Malivlies)型缝编机············⋯⋯ (512)
第三节底布型缝编机·......................................... (514)
一、Z331型缝编机····································⋯⋯ (514)
二、马利波尔(Malipol)型缝编机···············⋯⋯ (520)
三、伏尔特克斯(Voltex)型缝编机···············⋯⋯ (523)
第四节纱线型缝编机·......................................... (525)
一、马利莫(Malimo)型缝编机··················⋯⋯ (525)
二、舒斯波尔(Schusspol)型、缝编机···············⋯⋯ (540)
三、利洛波尔(Li-opol)型毛圈缝编机············⋯⋯ (542)
第五节缝编织物疵点产生原因及消除方法·.............. (549)
第十一章经编生产辅助设备······························⋯⋯ (552)
第一节工艺用辅助设备·...................................... (552)
一、线圈长度测定仪···································⋯⋯ (552)
二、经纱张力仪··········································⋯⋯ (553)
三、硬度仪··········⋯⋯,·····························⋯⋯ (553)
第二节维修用辅助设备·...................................... (554)
一、针块制造用设备····································⋯⋯ (554)
二、铸针专用设备·····································,·⋯⋯ (555)
三、链块倒角机···········································‘·⋯ (556)
第三节运转用辅助设备·············‘·················一⋯""" (558)
第十二章 经编生产条件和技术经济指标···············⋯⋯ (560)
第一节经编厂房要求“........................................ (560)
一、厂房地质条件·······································⋯⋯ (560)
二、对厂房的基本要求·································⋯⋯ (560)
()厂房高度的选用··········.·············⋯⋯ (560)
()柱网间距······································⋯⋯ (560)
()厂房的地面······················‘一··········⋯⋯ (561)
(A)厂房结构·······································⋯⋯ (561)
()门窗·····。·······································⋯⋯ (561)
()厂房墙壁······································⋯⋯ (561)
第二节经编设备的配套和排列·............................. (561)
一、经编设备的配套····································⋯⋯ (561)
二、机器排列·············································⋯⋯ (562)
()机器的基础尺寸······························⋯⋯ (563)
()排列基准尺寸·································⋯⋯ (578)
第三节经 编车间的生产条件·................................(579)
一、经编车间的温湿度·...................................... (579)
二、经编车间的照明····································⋯⋯ (580)
第四节经编产品产量·......................................... (580)
一、理论产量····················⋯⋯,·················⋯⋯ (580)
()整经机的理论产童···························⋯⋯ (580)
()经编机的理论产量···························⋯⋯ (580)
二、生产效率·······································。·····⋯⋯ (582)
三、实际产量·············································⋯⋯ (583)
四、设备运转率。····················,······················一(583)
五、设备利用率···································,······⋯⋯ (584)
六、总产量·····················‘··························⋯⋯ (584)
七、经编机台数的确定·································⋯⋯ (584)
第五节经编生产消耗定额.................................... (584)
一、回丝率················································⋯⋯ (584)
二、机针消耗·············································⋯⋯ (585)
()经编机机针消耗····························⋯⋯‘·(585)
()整经机分纱针的消耗··························一(586)
第六节经编生产劳动定额.................................... (586)
第七节经编生产成本核算······························⋯⋯ (590)
一、经编产品成本的分类和内容·····················⋯⋯ (590)
二、产品成本计算·······································⋯⋯ (591)
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 楼主| 发表于 2015-11-10 20:14:48 | 显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 拉拉扯扯 于 2015-11-10 20:16 编辑 1 m$ k5 g/ ?- E% U

" u0 J: N+ }1 j" x% Y针织工程手册(人造毛皮分册),PDF。23M
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促织网-纺织知识网-针织工程手册(人造毛皮分册).jpg
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目录
第一章 总述 19
/ ?# o2 V( V4 z+ ?/ O 第一节 人造毛皮商品技术规格及其用途 19- S3 q$ w5 e* {& Z; p  ^( O
第二节 人造毛皮生产方法及其生产工艺流程 20
% S1 E  C* i- J6 s% S  一、纬编法生产工艺流程 20
8 c- N- i7 Z, T- k0 Q& z   (一)毛条喂入法 20) Q$ e- Q  @7 S+ M1 y7 L! F, t% ^! b
   (二)毛纱割圈法 23+ a9 i# s/ y, B7 ~4 k" v
  二、经编法生产工艺流程 23, d/ z# d6 ^) I/ q4 Y) X
  三、缝编法生产工艺流程 24: [! M% _0 L- L8 Z( U) q, D; H
第二章 主要原料、材料 258 ^2 z8 H' |  k
第一节 纤维 25
% K; c  _% Q) J: j9 p- q8 p6 E  一、纤维分类 25
3 [/ U; _  |# `4 ?* L; i3 b  二、各种纤维的主要技术特征与特点 262 X, a* q  Y: V, U, f' J
   (一)天然纤维 26
. E  }) a. J. T6 |4 [; W( k   (二)再生纤维素纤维 288 T: P2 ?: I+ T8 x) N) z! ?. y  _+ L
   (三)合成纤维 30& _6 Z  O8 E; D& e
   (四)特种纤维 374 t6 s, k: C, ~9 P& n3 Z5 o
  三、几种常用纤维的主要技术性能 40$ n0 v+ W1 Z( C* P& n
   (一)腈纶(聚丙烯腈纤维) 408 ]& Q/ f3 C7 c
   (二)改性腈纶(丙烯腈/氯乙烯共聚物纤维) 42
. N# n: t3 o% Q" A* o. S   (三)涤纶(聚酯纤维) 49
# H/ a; m8 j6 n% I+ k! c% ]6 A; v   (四)丙纶(聚丙烯纤维) 51
/ y5 V# l! W' J3 e3 M4 u& U 第二节 底纱与毛纱规格及其回潮率 52
* O! G) X2 ]" I- d2 V 第三节 涂层粘合剂与增稠剂 53
, F+ B# u  k  |* I, \  一、粘合剂的选用 53
" v$ i7 p5 E# Y0 s, |, s1 B1 D  二、粘合剂的分类 54
9 m* M; s; y1 V6 @1 G8 o3 U! Y2 K  三、几种常用粘合剂的主要特性 54
9 D+ u/ t* O8 t& J7 k   (一)合成树脂 54' d. h9 C' A# ^: h
   (二)橡胶类粘合剂 55* r( Z! ]6 }. Y. v' T1 x
   (三)增稠剂 56
0 p0 G9 N2 s  S- ]2 r第三章 织物与毛绒基本组织 572 H' U+ L3 R/ Q& T5 @
第一节 人造毛皮基本组织 57+ q  I( X6 |- f1 D! t
  一、毛条喂入法长毛绒组织 57
. \0 ]( n& I; N: r: g   (一)平针组织 57% ]& z! P0 d2 x, d" c9 W
   (二)花式组织 58" B2 g, D" i  q" _% _
   (三)复合组织与衬垫组织 59% }( P; _' K( s6 `: ~& G. Q& M: P
   (四)花式空针组织 60
! n+ Z! z* I* k   (五)变化平针组织 61% w% t. }/ F3 {2 t) K
  二、毛纱割圈法长毛绒组织 63
1 A3 K- }) v+ n/ {5 L   (一)“V”形组织 63
7 ]4 }; O7 F' }. y) H6 j- [2 Z* v& }   (二)“W”形组织 64
  b! I/ R0 ^+ Q8 r  三、经编法长毛绒组织 64$ m5 d# ?$ L+ x1 X
   (一)平纹组织 65
/ V2 h: [- l& q+ ^8 x! }' l1 e, n3 B   (二)花式组织 65) E1 v; t3 v: ]6 V: t
  四、缝编绒组织 68
4 N/ ?0 n" w5 U! `   (一)地布缝合组织 68, k+ Q4 p1 Y$ q6 H
   (二)纱线缝合组织 69
8 ?6 J& M) u5 d* I6 b3 |: v- r   (三)纤维网缝合组织 69
! I" R$ ~7 z! M& @4 v4 n 第二节 天然裘皮特征与人工仿效技术要素 69
( r3 }! M! ~5 A; K& P6 G( B  一、裘皮毛绒结构与特征 70
; U  V) P" e# x  q/ m4 Y& U2 P/ n, k) `9 Z  二、裘皮毛被结构与组合分析 70
5 o' v! Y" _, C+ E  三、兽毛截面形状 72
# F! |9 ?: Y1 @) O0 W! q  y   (一)貂皮 72) ^: G4 l4 Q$ K. I
   (二)狐狸皮 740 s  r% y# |3 K1 x# M; x
第三节 针织人造毛皮毛绒结构及其特征 74  _8 k5 S. O! Y7 n; p
  一、毛绒结构及其纤维截面形状 76
6 ^2 Z* T5 U2 D4 Y$ _   (一)毛绒组合要素 769 P# f" W4 Y: |/ e* Y5 e% W
   (二)毛绒纤维截面形状 765 _: w6 I! R- `; Q* S3 J
  二、毛绒组合纤维及其结构特征 77
4 Z3 ?6 J8 k% j* {/ c- {8 ~; N   (一)仿貂皮产品 77, ~$ ?- d6 y! s) L% b( K
   (二)仿狐狸皮产品 77
0 Y$ d1 o5 E; x$ z7 k7 D% g& B( q   (三)仿黄狼皮产品 77
. e) y  K2 v- T9 d( V   (四)仿羊羔皮产品 82: ?9 I& |* H9 N+ R4 S. {; Z1 G& h
第四章 毛条法长毛绒生产工艺与设备 83
6 ~  Z$ H/ v# N5 v  x 第一节 主要生产工序及其条件 83
; U2 E  m  D. U# A1 f 第二节 染色 84% @/ F& Y3 l* v' i  A' E( ~5 E
  一、散纤维染色 84& m! o% I3 y' @- [8 o' z
   (一)工艺流程 842 `7 x0 p  j6 k3 J, @
   (二)腈纶散纤维染色配方举例 844 F) J+ i$ H0 B6 V
   (三)染色工艺 845 A* r5 |+ S3 B* @+ z
  二、染色机 868 v+ d4 ~; R! B1 N9 @7 D
   (一)NC464B型染色机 86) |' M" _1 t- J$ b) y
   (二)1800H型整包染色机 87+ p: a) e/ n, X" E9 y9 m8 K/ V
   (三)1530N-KF型高温染色机 903 _+ X. R) Q, n# i, B
   (四)纤维包工序转换及其吊运 94
) ~5 p6 ~* o" _" w0 v) H   (五)染色后纤维脱水 97' P5 h/ p4 W6 l5 N3 w, F7 p2 v0 U' ^
第三节 毛条制备 1011 K( S' G. h0 O% b8 A
  一、纤维铺层 101- A' V$ U% P: q& l, I- X- Z
  二、纤维混和与烘干 1013 A4 ]" m+ U1 K9 K$ S' e) F- \
   (一)R435型散毛喂给机 101
7 R5 \& i1 l0 X7 n4 c) w2 P! G   (二)R456F-4型圆网烘干机 103
, T% \* B8 u$ S. ^5 p4 }8 C# X   (三)B261型和毛机 104  e4 M- [- U; Y2 G" M6 t
   (四)纤维加油与存储设备示例 1066 x+ ]& Z; K! s7 }4 {
第四节 梳毛 109
3 @) \3 V$ O1 Y- H6 T  一、毛纺工艺路线设备组合 109
" K, l, O! d& b8 w   (一)TATHAM-AF7D型配毛箱 111
- l3 H  k* C" m# D   (二)TEMAFA型喂毛箱 113
0 S0 G$ R4 R8 m5 Z' c7 n6 a  二、梳毛机 114
! Z! |+ n# o5 x4 X. [   (一)人造毛皮用梳毛机 114$ \* [' H' @/ w9 y+ e& t
   (二)TATHAM型(FN271型)梳毛机 116) V' ]2 T% {2 d3 l
   (三)B272A型梳毛机及其特点 1173 z# o7 Y9 `& E9 M
   (四)毛条压缩机 118
  ~+ @+ C3 l" h) x; U   (五)梳毛机梳理元件的规格与型号 1218 W4 b# b) k1 Y! v
第五节 棉纺清钢联工艺 125& [% y* Q- T  D' j" ?) Z% o2 j
  一、棉纺路线清纲联工艺流程与设备组合 125' b/ C4 y1 b3 A- c7 }
  二、清钢联自控程序及其电气线路 125
7 }! S7 f: h% U  三、A006B型、A077型、A065型混棉、开棉机 1255 V5 M0 N4 U% l; ?4 @) S7 {, P2 B1 T
   (一)主要技术特征 125
$ l: t# B, Y( x/ d  n   (二)传动原理 129
. `6 }1 t) l+ C! `2 y$ i  四、A177型喂棉机、A186型梳棉机、A272型并条机 130* W2 @8 j; D  M- E; |
   (一)主要技术特征 131, N( H, J/ K+ V
   (二)传动原理 133
  i' o, p0 X( a+ u& K4 o! o   (三)A272型并条机总牵伸倍数与变换齿轮的关系 134
1 H7 z( i' \) m* d4 r. J6 L 第六节 坯布织造 1364 }, _$ f4 n9 E0 K  ~% d: k/ Z# e
  一、底纱准备 136
6 }  G! F# Y$ t8 l5 T8 x2 M1 _   (一)络筒工艺参数 137& ~" R3 i5 U' i9 p
   (二)络筒机 137
9 Z) a2 }1 i4 U1 x# I( d  二、花型制备 138
- O9 m2 s& ~  b* A5 ?: w  K, z   (一)概述 138+ X( Z6 J. n  Z9 e& d
   (二)MK系列花型制备系统 140
7 n7 d' c. `3 e6 S   (三)HP系列花型制备系统 143/ X1 t' i+ O( Z! {* }: u0 \
  三、MK系列人造毛皮机 144
6 g# D  I- \( l- [3 y" x   (一)机器主要技术特征 1440 S( y$ Y! O8 e, _* r& l4 H
   (二)底布成圈与纤维喂入 145& c( Z5 p+ e! r5 s# I
   (三)成圈机构 149. k. S" C% O0 K- j/ Q, U3 l! ]
   (四)MK系列梳理机构 157/ {: T9 ]4 [2 X
   (五)MK系列毛皮机的传动原理 169
$ j) E9 M# ]' W; O; W   (六)积极输纱机构 1693 C5 V3 O, `  n2 W- c7 Q
   (七)牵拉与卷取机构 1690 s4 T' _& {$ Y% x& o- _9 S/ \& A" J
   (八)MK系列人造毛皮机的附属设备 169
1 ]) b5 Q, R) g   (九)MK系列人造毛皮机的润滑与加油 174
! {1 \- v! Y: O' a& d   (十)机器故障排除、坯布疵点产生原因及消除方法 175+ \$ |0 ~3 I6 v7 @1 u- N& ]0 F3 B0 `
  四、HP系列人造毛皮机 178
, s  M" S8 x8 K0 X   (一)机器主要技术特征 178
( H3 g: U' V, q$ j0 \   (二)织针与沉降片的配合与动作 1792 m: u- `, W  D- H
   (三)电子选针机构及其动作 187' R5 L2 u4 D% S
   (四)成圈元件 188" Y5 V  Z$ O" D  N
   (五)HP系列梳理机构 193/ |" h' w3 Y* ?" E' ^
   (六)输纱机构 198
( A8 V* J, s$ c! R% G! S5 ]   (七)牵拉卷取机构 199( y, M2 q0 P! J7 h3 o$ c+ n
   (八)附属设备 200
! ~& u& Q8 c) Q; W- t1 L   (九)HP系列人造毛皮机的润滑与加油 201
7 u3 u, U- P* f; d  ?   (十)机器故障排除、坯布疵点产生原因及消除方法 201
, Q& ^" m% `8 t" i3 Q" q+ R  五、KPN-16型人造毛皮机 205
# E* p3 B' h# u0 W! {   (一)外形特征 205
1 J% f" }! t3 x" ?% q$ e9 u  w/ D   (二)主要技术特征 2058 _8 @8 F9 q& Z
   (三)成圈机构 207
8 g1 d" t" D/ g+ M& j$ T% H   (四)KPN型梳理机构 209- ]4 t; ?4 @! T, Q. T- W
   (五)传动原理 210
' X7 F! V1 n% T, j9 \  六、Z261型人造毛皮机 212
2 \" h/ C2 S+ Z- Q" g   (一)主要技术特征 212
  C, r0 u" a2 L* B& Q2 L   (二)传动原理 212
+ E4 ^! P7 Y* I% u- Z' A   (三)成圈机构 212
9 K5 G% m" T' U) d+ H% ~  B   (四)梳理机构 215
3 ~6 Y# v3 q: G   (五)牵拉卷取机构 217! X' N2 d3 a0 _5 b, @3 H5 j7 Q( q- _
   (六)成圈元件 217
% K1 s- R9 a, }2 o; j  七、GE141型人造毛皮机 217
0 g% k; E5 ^% N+ E# j, \, P   (一)主要技术特征 219  x8 J, P/ e: I" _, T, l
   (二)传动原理 220
/ S. Q& Q/ U  C! |3 j   (三)成圈机构 220
; h! K: K) D: H7 z1 q( w. X2 }# o% G   (四)梳理机构 227  R; x6 Q/ ^' \2 t
   (五)牵拉卷取机构 2285 x% o, M2 a4 k5 ?* X; f! x
   (六)输纱机构 228  u5 |' q, ~" M; D
   (七)润滑与加油 228" r5 l9 C- v: s. c/ H* ^
   (八)控制线路 230
& K4 E8 t) H3 I% E8 e4 S 第七节 成品整理 230
" a$ y' D2 W" I" R& C2 i3 ]' I& C8 P  一、整理加工过程中的纤维效应 230
/ u, `2 k* J6 y) P+ {# z* J  二、整理工艺流程 230$ J2 ?0 P  L2 j6 n& G* {
  三、赫格(HEINZ HERGERT)系列后整理设备及其性能 230
, w0 S$ N; `  s0 V6 s7 ?1 z   (一)机器配套与组合方案 2307 h" r% b" R8 k0 {
   (二)PRM/GF-1800型单刀剪毛机 232
, y( U/ F2 ]; w: j   (三)烫光机 240) T; P# N: q$ X1 ^; f
   (四)PRS/GF型烫剪联合机 243
  G! V' F& D1 ^' q- B# U   (五)悬挂式导布架 246
3 X3 O. x# Y5 \# [( Y  O. u. J   (六)CAF·C/74型自动量卷机 248
0 t8 r) k: D3 Y; e2 E. H; S  四、康迈特(COMET)系列后整理设备及其性能 253. g+ c/ B# Q9 F$ K+ R% J
   (一)机器配套与组合方案的推荐 254
( L- W/ w4 {+ R1 q5 }9 [   (二)AR/70C型花式剪毛机 2541 e7 g6 \# x0 z. d6 Q. p) K
   (三)TS/2001型单刀剪毛机 258. X8 K! v3 w% X( Z5 N9 b
   (四)PRA/83型烫光机 261
9 q! j. d5 x# N   (五)128C型烫剪联合机 263
& P& c! c5 ?( f! b: \5 s# ]; v   (六)G/80型压花机 264' j4 `3 {% A* ?) [' ]5 ^9 `2 @
  五、锡斯狄克(SISTIG)系列后整理机器及其性能 265, e  V% C9 Q; R
   (一)机器配套与组合方案推荐 265
, k% V& u, A( u( ]6 o7 l  m   (二)ZRM2/2.0型刷毛机 267
$ p' g- @' {5 V# Z0 Y4 o   (三)FMSH1/2.0型烫剪联合机 2687 v$ L" p( o! x5 P) [3 Y  q
   (四)FPM200型单辊烫光机 271  L& `* J3 n: |, @- \% P
   (五)MSH1/2.0型单刀剪毛机 271
1 _" }! K0 B! }5 n: \  六、涂胶与定形 276" J2 r+ t, D/ h3 L9 B" l
   (一)布鲁克纳(BRUCKNER)系列(蒸汽)涂胶定形机 276& n9 c) d' g2 X: e* m$ W0 ^
   (二)马歇尔-威理姆(Marshall-Williams)1800型涂胶定形机 283
# p" Z# B7 o9 u- k9 _. `  七、滚球机 2873 ]) }- x1 u' U. \9 D
   (一)气流循环及其成球 289
) `5 Z' n0 T6 `' k7 u1 T   (二)主要技术特征 289! i: f' q! H/ Y2 u6 W
  八、整理过程中产品疵点产生原因与消除方法 293
" d; y% l- v" C第五章 毛纱法长毛绒生产工艺与设备 2947 p) q3 \$ r6 X+ I
第一节 毛纱法长毛绒产品的特点及其分类 2945 s3 o# S/ Q  d9 ]6 N
  一、毛纱与底纱线圈的特征 2942 z0 R0 |' q  b: L
  二、织物质量的设定 294
" N* D  v. i+ Y  三、产品分类 295
4 u, z7 v" F% [3 g; d 第二节 绞纱染色 296/ @" F- W* |, U% y: \
  一、染色设备及其性能 2961 J4 M( c' g! B2 z
   (一)绞纱染色机 296
5 c5 X$ L/ e# S" z+ j6 }) b' k   (二)绞纱染色机的主要技术特征 297: o5 d4 N% Z( G! E1 R' [
  二、染色工艺 298
8 ]0 W* m) S- K) o. |- U* N- F   (一)工艺参数 298, Y; {$ o8 W/ t
   (二)膨化(显体)工艺 299: u: m( a/ }  Q7 t
   (三)常用助剂及其主要性能 299
! V; u9 h3 z9 D   (四)脱水与烘干 300
# m; E9 R+ W2 q5 b, q, L, H" I   (五)典型工艺举例 300: i9 N; S' @7 l/ U
   (六)绞纱染色疵点的产生原因及消除方法 301& P6 C+ ?* O, w- B/ U1 a
第三节 坯布织造 303
9 w/ q& y9 n/ T& s  一、织物组织形式 303
* q7 z9 {; R- h0 Y" P  二、DKP型长毛绒针织机 3034 b9 \, T5 y  T7 e/ h
   (一)机器特征 303
; O0 p& l+ S* D" y   (二)成圈与割圈机构 3069 |# |% V) k1 n
   (三)成圈元件(以DKP型为例) 308% j# ]4 B9 X& i$ G& R! \
   (四)坯布疵点产生原因及消除方法 312% C; d' f3 m+ C6 f4 }9 o$ p0 R9 ~. M
第四节 成品整理 312
" M% ^' q/ Q+ l" {( R* G* g$ V  一、整理加工过程中的纤维效应 312
3 A6 K, R( r+ @  二、工艺流程 312
( x* x# Z' _, ^; O' V  三、毛纱法长毛绒整理设备的选型及其工艺要求 313: k5 o5 x* B3 \0 M2 b
   (一)刷毛喂入方向及其主要工艺参数 314& u$ k; o6 U- F# p
   (二)烫光温度及其喂入方向 3159 e' X' ^0 B3 `" }+ p2 z6 W
第六章 经编法长毛绒生产工艺与设备 317
% {8 c+ W# g1 y2 J0 M$ q/ ?  K' p 第一节 坯布织造 317, l) {5 D4 v' H$ [- L/ c
  一、花纹设计 317
$ \( p% B% Y; W* m  x0 T* G   (一)双针床经编织物的图示方法 3171 e3 t. r+ z7 M) l' d
   (二)双针床经编织物的结构 318
  l3 U& `/ p' e/ R   (三)工艺设计 319
4 o( ^) H' l) |# _# Y# m   (四)花纹制作 329
5 P7 v+ N5 @3 _) I( b  二、HDR6DPLM/60型双针床拉舍尔经编机 331( [, K; V  U+ B  O2 _+ Z
   (一)概述 331% x; b4 a) W. _% G) H6 J* |( \
   (二)成圈机构 333* D6 C' K" i. ]
   (三)编花装置 347; z( {% h! x- y# R7 x2 q. D7 d
   (四)牵拉与卷取 352
2 H7 e  Q" B, A' V$ j, i6 {3 Q, j   (五)润滑部位 355
  ~& p; q3 ]3 |2 A   (六)上机条件及主要工艺参数 3573 c+ m  t6 {6 ^1 u3 K( H' K
   (七)产品疵点产生原因及消除方法 362# w. ?, |* P7 X  X& q% G
  三、PSM型割绒机 364
  M4 W- \  m. R- j   (一)割绒机简介 364- V2 E6 _) _" I3 J* H& w3 e! k1 h
   (二)割绒机的主要技术特征 364
0 W' [$ D: B3 L( p   (三)割绒机的操作标准 365
7 w8 U! m5 ?# n! X2 A- v& ?$ c 第二节 成品整理 368: E4 a& p1 p$ X8 }" D
  一、生产设备组合形式 3685 t6 C  C! I/ F, p
   二、生产工艺流程 368
! h) |- D  h2 s  h- X   (一)色织 3686 b+ T4 m( o+ I
   (二)印花 3682 m8 a  C, }7 l
   (三)匹染 368
; ]; E8 |$ a* B& q2 d  三、印花 3698 _8 C: }# O& J3 y3 h0 S
   (一)印花设备 369
/ r& m6 e3 A7 ]  c   (二)上机条件及主要工艺参数 370
% V) e1 h7 Z2 A1 D( F  四、匹染 373
( N# g3 |% h) A' J" ]7 P0 H   (一)设备 373
. ]! W6 l$ x* f: P8 g* }   (二)上机条件及主要工艺参数 374) W9 G0 q7 v/ d  Z% {# P# a
  五、刷花 3756 @* l3 ], Q, C& m! }
  六、热定形 375
7 I. K4 x2 g- V! i8 [' X, n5 x   (一)滚筒定形机 375
( d4 X# K& M8 _: f% j- S2 J4 _   (二)上机条件及主要工艺参数 376
' V; d3 ^6 {' \第七章 缝编绒生产及其设备 377" s8 O& {; B2 g" j* Y1 {1 t. b! a
第一节 生产与设备概况 377
$ Q0 p8 c+ n7 Y# j* l) q( z 第二节 缝编绒生产及其设备组合 3770 b9 V: C+ i% _1 h4 T) _" x1 ]' j
  一、加工方法 377
) O4 l1 U1 l; ^+ b4 f" E  二、生产设备组合 378
$ r* Y+ ]; n* @5 y- C* i) i8 j8 ]% b. o& ?  三、缝编绒织物的主要技术参数 3784 V$ [; E5 V% i9 J+ }
  四、成网工艺 378
1 h! q1 E7 u4 I  X$ R/ ~* ?   (一)纤维的选择 3806 j& B  p: j* u4 S6 m% N/ T2 b
   (二)纤网定量 380
" }5 l5 ?% X; j! d) |   (三)梳理机与缝编机的工作宽度 380
1 i4 }( @2 E0 O! Q% H   (四)梳理机 380( L, Z4 u+ L7 N$ a7 E9 T( B
第三节 缝编绒生产 381& B) `" a; U: g& B! c; R& x; y
  一、缝编机的主要技术特征 3814 W0 V$ v& w  U- b% v5 S
  二、缝编绒的编织 3816 k3 t  q* G& ^* F) W- R
  三、生产工艺参数 382
# z5 [4 z1 H; \+ i 第四节 成品整理 384
& q' ?% i2 z8 w- d  一、工艺流程 384& p8 N1 L* |7 q9 m" \2 j
  二、抓剪机 384
4 Q9 ^3 z( }/ l$ A: \6 X  三、主要工艺参数 385
* I. Z, J8 d& i& i1 H. t第八章 主要经济技术指标参考 387# a% P' ?) O+ l0 C' p( n( }9 w* f
第一节 工艺设计 387
" @' N" J  C, b1 ?( s6 o, Y6 s  一、织物规格及原料成分 387
$ W. E$ z+ j- ]# h8 W& c* S* d  二、织物含毛量及含纱量计算 387
% l) J7 L6 T4 F+ s  s0 p& I& d 第二节 生产条件及其环境保护 3925 V. b3 `7 Y0 H) N! m  g
  一、生产条件 392
& x, h) [  \( [4 o+ |& ]# I* n  二、环境保护 3944 C& o: H+ N3 E$ V' X
第三节 劳动定额 3954 d. ]1 M. J1 D' [
  一、生产工人劳动定额 395$ x) p" T* X) e+ z
  二、辅助生产工人劳动定额 396: A  d8 c; a5 A2 X% J

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